Sorting going on of bones from the 1990 excavation at Lamoka Lake. These are white-tailed deer astragali, all from the plowzone/disturbed layer.
The average white-tailed deer killed during the Late Archaic at Lamoka Lake weighed 77 kg, or 170 pounds.
That’s the estimate derived from measuring the astragalus, a bone in the lower leg of white-tailed deer. By the Late Woodland to Protohistoric Period in New York, deer found at the Engelbert Site averaged 64.5 kg, or 142 pounds.
How big was the largest identified deer at Lamoka Lake? Over 155 kg, or 342 pounds.
To learn how these weight estimates were derived, and learn more about deer body size, get the paper: